2nd of November – All Souls’ Day (2. Listopad – Dusicky)

2 11 2008

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Every year, on the 2nd of November, the Czechs and Slovaks celebrate Dusicky a.k.a. Pamatka zesnulych (All Souls’ Day) by putting candles by graves of their loved ones.  All Souls’ Day is celebrated after All Saints’ Day (Nov. 1), and it was introduced by a French abbot Odilio. This holiday, however, is much older. It dates back from the Celtic tradition of Samhain, the Celtic New Year, when our world blends with the world of souls. That night people placed candles by their houses so the souls of the dead could find their ways to them.

All Souls’ Day is celebrated around the world, but in different forms. In the United States, Australia, Ireland, etc., is celebrated under the name Halloween. The name was taken from the original name All Hallow’s Even, and was founded in the 19th century. People in the countries named above believe that on this night, the human world and the world of souls connect and the dead walk freely on Earth in forms of skeletons, mummies, etc., and therefore people wear costumes to blend with them.

This holiday was changed to trick-or-treating, after the tradition when children originally knocked on the door to get fruit, nuts and sweets for the Halloween festival. People also sprinkled salt on the hair of children to protect them against the evil spirits.

As you can see, these holidays are very similar. People in the Czech Republic became fans of Halloween – mainly for carving the pumpkins. iDnes journal article posted an article about Tomas Halik, the President of the Czech Christian Academy, who argued that this new trend is not good and that the Czech Dusicky holiday has more meaning and depth.

However, we believe that whichever holiday you choose, it is better than celebrating none of them. The older we get, the more of our closest ones move on to the “other” world and the more we think of them throughout the year, as we are certain many of you do too.

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Kazdy rok, 2. listopadu, Cesi a Slovaci slavi Dusicky neboli Pamatku zesnulych a davaji svicky ke hrobum jejich blizkych. Pamatka zesnulych se slavi po svatku Vsech svatych (1. Listopadu) a zavedl ji francouzky opat Odilio. Tento svatek je vsak mnohem starsi. Pochazi jiz z keltske tradice Samhain, keltsky Novy rok, kdy se nas pozemsky svet prolina se svetem dusi. V tuto noc lide pokladali svicky ke svym domum, aby k nim duse mrtvych nasly cestu.

Dusicky se slavi po celem svete, ale v ruznych formach. Ve Spojenych Statech, Australii, Irsku, a podobne, se slavi pod jmenem Halloween. Toto jmeno bylo prevzato z originalniho jmena All Hallow’s Even a vznikl v 19. stoleti. Lide v zemich vyse uvedenych veri, ze v tuto noc se svet dusi a lidsky svet spoji a duse mrtvych chodi volne po zemi ve forme koster, a mumii a podobne, a proto se lide prevlekaji do kostymu aby s nimi ladili. 

Tento svatek se pak zmenil na trick-or-treating (koledu nebo vam neco provedu), kdy deti puvodne klepali na dvere aby ziskali ovoce, orisky, a sladkosti na Halloweensky festival. Lide take sypali sul na vlasy deti aby je ochranili pred zlymi dusemi. 

Jak vidite, tyto svatky jsou velmi podobne. Lide v Ceske republice si take Halloween oblibili – hlavne vyrezavani dyni. iDnes magazin vydal clanek o Tomasi Halikovi, prezidentu Ceske krestanske akademie, ktery tvrdil, ze tento novy trend neni dobry a ze cesky svatek Dusicky ma vetsi smysl a hloubku. 

Nicmene, my verime, ze at uz zvolite jakkykoliv svatek, je to lepsi, nez neslavit zadny. Cim vice jsme starsi, vice nasich blizkych je v tom “onom druhem” svete a vzpomeneme si na ne, urcite tak jako i mnoho z vas,  mnohokrat v roce.

 

Sources (Zdroje):

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halloween

http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halloween

http://zpravy.idnes.cz/halik-halloween-je-morbidni-nas-svatek-ticha-ma-vetsi-hloubku-p5h-/domaci.asp?c=A081101_173241_domaci_ton

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